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Comparative Risk Assessment — Development of Methodology to Identify Urban Environmental Problems Project


The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) often focuses its strategic and programmatic attention on the serious environmental problems in urban areas. USAID contracted Abt Associates to develop a methodology to identify key urban environmental problems in cities of the developing world and to test its application to one city, Bangkok. An Abt Associates environmental team developed such a methodology, identifying the kinds of environmental problems to be considered as well as evaluating the types of data required to perform the analysis. Using exposure and risk assessment techniques, Abt Associates translated these estimates into estimates of disease incidence and mortality rates. These estimates were used, together with qualitative data on cultural perceptions about disease, to suggest priorities for environmental action in Bangkok, Thailand.